As the years go by, white strands appear in the hair and dark spots on the skin. The culprit for these opposite processes is one and is called melanin. This is the pigment that is responsible for the color of the skin, hair and irises and is produced by cells called melanocytes. Over time, the production and distribution of melanin in the skin becomes uneven, it accumulates and the so-called “age spots” on the face, décolleté, shoulders and arms appear. The affected area of skin also changes color depending on the natural complexion and may become brown or yellowish. The external factor that affects the production of melanin is the sun and therefore the spots are more visible and saturated in summer, and in winter they lighten or even disappear.
Friends and enemies of melanin
What is the more unpleasant side of uneven melanin production with age – whether the hair turns white or spots on the skin? Of course, everyone would be happier if neither was part of aging. But while white hair can be hidden relatively easily and permanently, an even complexion and lightening spots require much more effort and time, and the result may not always be so definite. Nevertheless, modern cosmetics are advancing in the unequal battle with hyperpigmentation and now have a rich arsenal of active ingredients that give excellent results.
The sun is to blame for everything
Melanin production depends on many different factors, such as genetic predisposition, hormonal changes, certain medications, ingredients in cosmetics. One of the direct responsible for the uneven pigmentation of the skin is the sun, which stimulates the synthesis of melanin. The more and longer we have been exposed to ultraviolet rays over the years, the more likely we are to spot spots on exposed areas of the body .
The first step to protecting the skin from aging is the use of sunscreen products – from the earliest childhood, a lifetime, a whole year. No matter how effective whitening products and procedures we use, if we do not protect our skin from the sun after that, the result will be short-lived and almost indistinguishable. Not to mention wasted time and money.
Hormonal changes in the body are another major cause of melanin overproduction, so pregnancy and contraceptive use are directly related to uneven pigmentation. The colored areas on the skin may gradually disappear after birth, but may remain. And although it is difficult to influence these processes, the only positive intervention here remains the protection from ultraviolet rays, which during pregnancy should be even stricter, regardless of the season.
Medication for acne prone skin, as well as antibiotics and retinoids, also require special attention when exposed to the sun and the use of high-factor sunscreen.
Chemistry and physics of sun protection
Sunscreen products operate on two main principles:
- Chemical protectors contain active ingredients that act as filters and reduce the penetration of ultraviolet radiation into the skin. They are usually colorless and form a thin film on the skin that contains UVB and UVA absorbing chemicals.
- Physical protection is provided by ingredients such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, which block the penetration of ultraviolet radiation. This type of protector, also called sun blockers, also provides broad protection from UVA and UVB rays, but the disadvantage is that they are visible, difficult to wash and sit as a thicker layer on the skin. Sun blockers are recommended for people who are hypersensitive to solar radiation.
The good news and the bad news
We do not say it to scare you, but the truth is that one day under strong sun without a protective factor can erase months of whitening skin care. There are simply no two opinions on the matter – the treatment of dark spots and sunscreen should always go together.
The good thing is that you no longer need two different products to do it daily and efficiently. The whitening day cream MELABEL WHITENING Sun Protection Cream SPF50+ works in parallel on both fronts with an optimal combination of active ingredients. The main effect for a more even complexion is achieved through the effective action of phytic acid, in combination with sunscreens and shea butter, which simultaneously lighten, protect and hydrate the skin.
Phytic acid is the latest and most modern whitening agent, which is characterized by high efficiency and extremely good tolerance by all skin types. It blocks the inclusion of iron and copper in the synthesis of melanin and this leads to a gradual lightening of the skin. To the exceptional functions of this ingredient we must add enhanced collagen synthesis, improve hydration, normalize sebum secretion and increase skin elasticity. Last but not least, phytic acid has a powerful antioxidant and anti-cancer effect, reducing the differentiation and growth of tumor cells and in some cases can even provoke the reversion of cancer cells to a normal phenotype. That is why MELABEL WHITENING Day Cream SPF50+ It is especially suitable as a photo protector in patients with initial actinic keratosis and photo aging skin prone to precancerous lesions. We also recommend it when the skin is prone to melasma, chloasma and / or acne, as the antioxidant effect of phytic acid reduces inflammatory processes, which in many cases are the cause of hyperpigmentation.
The innovative formula of MELABEL WHITENING Day Cream SPF50+ includes a combination of chemical and physical photo blockers that provide maximum protection from ultraviolet rays. Octyl salicylate, Octyl methoxycinnamate and Butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane are three of the most established modern broad-spectrum chemical filters, and the mechanical protection is from two mineral screens – titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.
Melabel Whitening day cream SPF 50+ is applied to the face and décolleté with light massage movements in the morning, half an hour before sun exposure. The whitening cream leaves a pleasant delicate aroma, has a delicate texture that is absorbed quickly, does not stick and does not shine. Like other biotrade products, the cream is hypoallergenic and non-comedogenic.