What is your skin type? Do you know how to distinguish an allergic reaction from sensitive skin?
We often call “allergy” everything that happens to our skin, but it often shows us through several types of reactions its intolerance to various cosmetic products or environmental factors.
How do we know if we have sensitive, irritated or allergic skin?
Sensitive or reactive skin is characterized by a burning sensation, slight redness and discomfort. The skin is taut or tight, but not itchy. If you have such sensations, then your sensitive skin needs as little cosmetics as possible, preferably without or with a very faint scent. It is good to avoid the use of soaps, exfoliating masks and products containing hydroxy acids, retinaldehyde and tretinoin (vitamin A derivatives). When exposing your sensitive skin to the sun, wind or environment with air conditioning, it is recommended to use creams with a light consistency, even cooling.
Irritated skin is a consequence of the use of unsuitable cosmetic products. As a result, you get symptoms such as sensitivity to touch, redness and in some places wrinkled skin with a tendency to flake, but again without itching. It is good to pay attention to the irritation as soon as possible and treat it, because otherwise you run the risk of allergies. To minimize irritation, it is important to include skin cleansing with neutral lotions and warm but not hot water in your routine, and to use creams that contain the right ingredients according to the type of irritation. Of course, self-medication in this case is not recommended, so it is best to trust a dermatologist. Using sunscreen when outdoors, even for a while, also helps reduce discomfort.
When it comes to allergies, it is almost certain that you will be fighting intense itching. Also, your skin is likely to be red, rough, whether dry or moist. Certain signs of allergic (contact) dermatitis, a consequence of various cosmetic products or their ingredients, are severe itching, redness, eczema, lichen, urticaria or pigmentation. If you have such reactions, be sure to consult a dermatologist.
Proving an allergy to a certain ingredient is possible with the help of the so-called. “Patch tests” performed in dermatology and venereology clinics. Once the agent is identified, the only treatment is to completely or temporarily avoid the relevant allergens in cosmetic products. Unfortunately, reducing sensitivity to a particular allergen is impossible. The only solution remains to avoid contact with substances and products suspected of causing the reaction.
If you suspect that your skin suffers from any of these conditions, it is very important to carefully monitor its reactions when using or changing your cosmetics so that you can react adequately and share the reactions with your dermatologist. This is extremely important for the proper treatment of the problem and the selection of the right cosmetics.